Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 folks (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than a single million residents.

Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan spot, also acknowledged as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is element of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan spot is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with roughly four.73 million folks as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the largest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), more than twice the size of Tucson and a single of the largest cities in the United States.

Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a scorching desert climate. Despite this, its canal technique led to a thriving farming community with the original settler’s crops remaining essential parts of the Phoenix economy for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper have been acknowledged locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city until soon after World War II, when higher-tech companies started to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix’s scorching summers more bearable.

The city averaged a four % annual population growth price more than a fortyyr time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth price slowed throughout the Excellent Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.